λέχεται

λέχεται κοιμᾶται H.
Grammatical information: v.
Meaning: `lie down, fall asleep'.
Other forms: perf. ptc. λελο[γ]χυῖα λεχὼ γενομένη H. (also Antim. in PMilan. 17 II 10), καλέχες κατάκεισο. Πάφιοι H. (Schwyzer-Debrunner 473 n. 5), with ep. aorist- and future forms: λέκτο, λέξο, -λέχθαι, -λέγμενος (\< *λεχσ-το, -σο, -σθαι, -μενος? Schwyzer 751; after Chantraine Gramm. hom. 1, 296 rather athem. present), λέξασθαι, λέξομαι, also with παρα-, κατα-, προσ-, `lie, lie down'; act. aor. λέξον, ἔλεξα (Il.)
Derivatives: 1. λέχος n. `lair, bed', esp. `nuptial bed', also `death-bed' (Il.; after ἕδος? Porzig Satzinhalte 263); as 1. member in λεχε-ποίης `having grass as bed' (Il.; Bechtel Lex. s. v.; on the 2. member Fraenkel Nom. ag. 2, 141), as 2. member e. g. ὀρει-λεχής `having his lair in the mountains' (Emp.); with λεχαῖος `belonging to the lair' (A. Th. 292 [conj.], A. R.), λεχήρης `bed-ridden' (E. in lyr.), λεχώ f. `one who has just given birth' (E., Ar., Cyrene), also λεκχώ (Delphi; expressive gemination, Schwyzer 478 n. 3 and Fraenkel Glotta 32, 18), with λεχώϊος `belonging to ...', λεχωϊς = λεχώ (-ίς lengthening, Schwyzer 465; A. R., Call.). - 2. λόχος m. `child-birth', usu. `ambush, band (in ambush)', milit. `armed band' (Il.), often as 2. member, e. g. ἄ-λοχος f. `lairfellow, spouse' (Il.; Clark ClassPhil. 35, 188ff.), as 1. member e. g. in λοχ-ᾱγός `leader of a λόχος' (Dor.; S., Th., X.; Chantraine Études 90). Several derivv: λόχιος `belonging to birth' (E., Ar.), ἡ Λοχία surn. of Artemis (E., inscr.), τὰ λόχια `discharge after child-birth' (Hp., Arist.); λοχεῖος (E. in lyr., Plu.), λοχαῖος (Arat., AP ) `id.'; λοχίτης m. `belonging to one and the same λ., war-fellow' (A., S., X.; Redard 42); λοχώ (-ώς, -ός) = λεχώ (LXX, Dsc.). Transformation λοχεός `ambuch' (Hes. Th. 178; after φωλεός a. o.); λοχή = λόχμη (late epigr.). Denomin. verbs: a. λοχάω, -ομαι `lie in ambush' (ep. ion., hell.; after κοιμάω, -ομαι Risch ̨ 112b; s. also Leumann Hom. Wörter 185 ff. [and Risch Gnomon 23, 370]; hardly iterative-intensive to λέχεται with Schwyzer 718); with λόχησις, -ητικός (late). b. λοχεύω, -ομαι `give birth, deliver', pass. `be delivered, be born' (h. Merc., Trag. etc.) with λόχευμα ` birth, the born' (A., E.), λοχεία `giving birth, birth' (Pl., E.), λοχεύτρια f. `who has just given birth' (sch.). c. λοχίζω `lie in ambush, distribute men in companies' (Hdt., Th.) with λοχισμός `putting ambushes' (Plu.). - 3. λέκτρον, often pl. `lair, (nuptial)bed' (Il.); compp. e. g. κοινό-λεκτρος `having a common lair, uptial, bedfellow' (A.); λεκτρίτῃ θρόνῳ ἀνάκλισιν ἔχοντι H.; cf. Redard 113. - 4. λόχμη f. `lair of wild beasts, copse, bush' (τ 439, Arist. ; after κώμη?, Porzig Satzinhalte 289; cf. also *κοίμη in κοιμάω) with λοχμαῖος `living in the bush' (Ar. in lyr.), -ιος `id.' (A P), -ώδης `grown with bush etc.' (Th., Thphr.), λοχμάζω `form a copse' (Pisand. Ep.). - On the whole word group, which in Ionic -Attic was very limited and specialized (instead κεῖμαι, (κατα)-κλίνομαι), s. also Ruijgh L'élém. ach. 153f.
Origin: IE [Indo-European] [658] *legʰ- lie'
Etymology: With the primary thematic present λέχεται agrees exactly Goth. ligan `lie', which (like sitan `sit') is suspected as innovation for the further in Germ. dominating and also in Slavic (OCS ležǫ) found yotpresent (Brugmann Grundr.2 II : 3, 190 a. 192); after Specht KZ 62, 45 f. the verb was originally limited to the aorist. A primary present, orig. prob. also yotpresent, is also found in Celtic, MIr. laigid `lies down' (with a from e as in saidid `sits'; Thurneysen KZ 59, 9 f.). Italic too has once known this verb, as appears from Falisc. lecet `iacet' (formation?), s. Porzig Indogermanica 176. - Also to the Greek verbal nouns the other languages give many comparable forms: OWNo. lag n. `Lage, position', pl. lǫg `law', Russ. lóg `valley, cleft', Scr. lŏg `lying', Pol. od-ɫog `fallow field' (\> Lith. at-lagaĩ `id.'; cf. Porzig Satzinhalte 311f.), Alb. lagje `band, group', all from IE *logho- (formally = λόχος); OCS lože 'κλίνη, κοίτη'; OHG lehtar `uterus' = λέκτρον; in Slav., e. g. OCS ložes-no, pl. -na 'μήτρα, uterus' prob. the s-stem in λέχος. With ἄ-λοχος cf. Serb.-Csl. su-logъ 'σύγ-κοιτος, spouse' (Russ.-Csl. su-ložь). Toch. B leke, A lake `lair'. - More forms in WP. 2, 424f., Pok. 658f., W.-Hofmann s. lectus, Ernout-Meillet s. lectus , Vasmer Wb. s. ležátь, lóže, ljágu.
Page in Frisk: 2,110-112

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

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